Monday, 10 June 2019

Configure SQL Azure Auto-Failover Group - Azure Portal

In addition to the Geo-Replication feature that Azure has Microsoft has built in an additional awesome feature call Auto-Failover Group to failover Group of Azure databases and all database in Managed Instance, the more import feature is that the endpoint for the primary and the secondary endpoint remains the same, I would not go into more details you can find more details on 

Let see how it can be configured via Azure Portal,

My environment,

Primary SQL Instance - td-sqltestinstance
Region - UK West
Database Name - AdventureWorks2017

Secondary SQL Instance - td-sqlinstance-dr
Region - UK South

I am going to create a geo-replication first between the primary and the secondary server and allow geo-replication link to be inherited by the failover group.

I am adding UK South as my secondary server location and keeping the secondary Replica as a readable copy as below,

In the below Pic you can see my secondary read-only replica has been added, Primary Server can be used for all RW functions and Secondary read-only replica can be used for all reports.

Now lets move on and create a Failover Group for these 2 databases, on the settings of primary server td-sqltestinstance select Failover Groups and Add a Group

I am going name my Failover group as 'td-sqltestinstace-fo' this failover groups name acts like cluster virtual name / AG Listener Name so we do not need to change the server name setting in the application on failover. Select the database(s) which needs to be in the failover group.

The below pic shows the failover group has been created and the databse added to the failover group, Another important point is to note the RW Listener endpoint and Read-only Listener Endpoint. These 2 name will remain constant even in failover so the application need not change anything in case of failover this is a significant improvement from geo-replication where we have to change the servernames in case of failover.

Now that we have created the Failover group, Let us try manually failing over manually,

As you can see below, UK South has now become primary and UK west is now secondary read only replica but the Listener endpoints remains the same.

Hope the above article help, I am also sharing the Microsoft link for various topologies we can use with the Failover groups its worth a read before designing your DR solution.

Thursday, 7 February 2019

PSScript:- Modify database mail Account

The below script was developed to modify existing DBMail account with new details like a new smtp server, authentication details etc, The below script was developed for specific requirement but will give you a template on how to make the changes via Powershell.

Copyright © 2019 Vinoth N Manoharan.The information provided in this post is provided "as is" with no implied warranties or guarantees.

Tuesday, 5 February 2019

DBMail - Set mail server login password failed

Recently one of my clients complained that they were not able to modify DB mail setting and it is failing with the following error,

set mail server password failed for Mail Server '<servername>'

An error occured during Service Master Key decryption(Microsoft SQL Server, Error:33094)

This error happen when the service account is not able to decrypt the Service Master key may the server was rebuilt or migrated, or simply the process dencrypting  does not use the latest key. The only way to resolve this issue is by regenerating the Service Master Key.

The REGENERATE phrase regenerates the service master key. When the service master key is regenerated, SQL Server decrypts all the keys that have been encrypted with it, and then encrypts them with the new service master key. This is a resource-intensive operation. You should schedule this operation during a period of low demand, unless the key has been compromised. If any one of the decryptions fail, the whole statement fails.

The FORCE option causes the key regeneration process to continue even if the process cannot retrieve the current master key, or cannot decrypt all the private keys that are encrypted with it. Use FORCE only if regeneration fails and you cannot restore the service master key by using the RESTORE SERVICE MASTER KEY statement.”

Once I ran ALTER SERVICE MASTER KEY FORCE REGENERATE the DBMail started working without any issues.

Tuesday, 8 January 2019

Rename SQL azure Database - PowerShell

Below example is how we can rename an AzureDB using AzureRm module in the below example i am renaming Azure DB VinothPowerBiTest to VinothPowerShellTest,

Copyright © 2019 Vinoth N Manoharan.The information provided in this post is provided "as is" with no implied warranties or guarantees.

Monday, 30 July 2018

Free Procedure Cache in SQL Azure Database

To free up the procedure cache on the SQL Azure database use the following ALTER DB Statement,


This is same as running DBCC FREEPROCCACHE in the on-Premise SQL Instance.

Thursday, 22 February 2018

SQL Azure:Powershell AzureRM Create a new database in a existing server

Below is a simple script with modification from the MSDN sample script below to create a SQL Azure database on an existing resouce group and existing SQL server in oppose to creating a new RG and server in the below example,

Copyright © 2018 Vinoth N Manoharan.The information provided in this post is provided "as is" with no implied warranties or guarantees.

Tuesday, 28 November 2017

Schedule SQL Jobs Using Azure Automation account

With the migration to SQL Azure happening on a fast pace i get lot of queries from my clients on how to schedule a SQL Agent job on a SQL Azure database In this Blog We will see how to schedule a SQL how to schedule a SQL Job using Azure Automation Account.


I am going to use my Test server 'Vinothtestsqlserver' and Test database 'VinothSampleDatabase' for this example.

Login into to Azure Subscription of the SQL Server and create new Automation Account from Azure MarketPlace

Once the Automation Account is created, Scroll through the left tab and select Runbooks under Process Automation,

First Step is to create a Credential for the SQL connection, Similar to Credential in SQL Agent or Data Sources in SSIS,  Under Shared Resources on you Automation Account Page, Select Credentials and Create a new Credential as below.

I have created a Credential Named BlogTestCredential for this example,

Now Create New Run book-This is similar to creating a new SQL agent Job

I have named the Runbook 'VinothTestRunBook' and Will be using Powershell Workflow. SQL Jobs can be created with either Powershell or Powershell Workflow.

Once the Runbook is created Your Script Editor will open, My aim for the SQL Job is to run 'SELECT * FROM sys.tables' from the VinothSampleDatabase every Hour.

I have used the below Powershell Script to achieve the output, The Script take Servername and Database as Parameter, then Uses BlogTestCredential using Get-Credential cmdlet to connect the SQL database. It then uses SQLConnection and SQLCommand Class to run the SQL.

In the Above Example I have used SQL Adapter to get the output and display, But in case you want to run a Store Proc or run Updates or Deletes use the Appropriate method(eg. ExecuteReader(), ExecuteNonQuery(), ExecuteScalar() etc.. More details on SQLCommand class and method in the below MSDN Link.

Once you Finish Scripting Test the Script by Clicking the Test Pane Button, where you can test the script by specifying the parameters(Server name and DB Name in this case) as below.

Once your testing Successful, Publish your run book by clicking the publish button this is same as creating a SQL Agent Job without a Schedule. 

Now once your Runbook is publish we can create a Schedule, Go back to Runbook Page on the Portal and select Schedules and create a new schedule as below I have created similar to SQL Agent job to run this script every hour,

Once you Create the Schedule Specify the Parameters for the Run book Schedule as below,

That's about it your job is now ready to run, To check the Job history Go to Workbook page in the Portal and click Jobs

Now you can see summary of a completed job, for detailed information click on the summary

And You can see the Jod Run's detailed info, To see the output click the output pane and you can see the job output.

There you go now you have perfectly working SQL Agent Environment in Azure. Powershell Workflow Allows you you run Steps in Parallel and in sequence we will see in detail on future blogs.